29 Mar Bandages usage at home :
An open wound refers to any injury that leads to an internal or external break in the body tissue which is usually the skin. Almost everyone experiences this at some point in their lives as most open wounds are very minor and can be easily treated at home with a first aid kit. The most common causes are accidents withy sharp objects, falling and car accidents. If it is a serious accident you should seek medical care immediately as there can be internal injuries which cannot be seen. Open wounds are of different types: abrasions, lacerations, punctures and avulsion. An abrasion is when you scrape your skin against a rough or hard surface for example road rash. The result of this are is minor cuts that don’t cause a lot of bleeding but should be cleaned to avoid any infection. Lacerations, on the other hand are deep cuts that tear the skin and are causes by knives and sharp tools and also machinery related accidents. Deep lacerations can cause a lot of bleeding. Punctures are small holes that are a result of long and pointy objects and sometimes bullet wounds are also described as punctures. Avulsion is when the skin and tissue underneath is partially or completely torn away by serious accidents or explosions and bleed heavily.
Some of these wounds can be easily treated at home and then taped using waterproof bandages. You should first wash the area to remove any dirt and then disinfect it. If there is bleeding then you should elevate that part of the body and put pressure on it. You can then wrap it with sterile gauze or bandage but be sure to dry it first. You can also apply ice on any swelling. However, if the open wound is deeper than half an inch, and the bleeding doesn’t stop within 20 minutes or with pressure then you should immediately go to a hospital and get checked by a doctor. Doctors may close the would using stitches or sutures and then will give you a tetanus shot to avoid infections. They will then cover the area with a waterproof bandage or dressing so that you are able to stay clean without the risk of damaging the stitches. The main complication that may arise is that of an infection which can be treated with antibiotics prescribed by the doctor. It is important to take care of your stitches by keeping the wound bandaged the first day and may also clean around it. After a day you can clean the wound by taking off the bandage and even apply a thin layer of petroleum jelly and then replace the bandage. You can usually get your stitches removed within 10 days.
You should always keep your first aid kit well stocked at home and even at your office in case of any scrapes or cuts and emergency situations. They usually include a disinfectant, scissors, sterile gauze, adhesive tape and waterproof bandages. Bandages are the most common type of dressing that is worn by kids and adults for minor injuries. Bandages that are waterproof are better as they can be use while washing and bathing without the worry of them coming off. You can carry on with your daily activities and the bandage will stay in its place till the end of the day. They have a peel apart wrapper which makes them easy to apply. They come in variety of sizes such as large and thick ones and even small circular ones for smaller cuts. Some are also made of fabric which is a breathable material and is also very flexible so it will not hinder your movement in any way. The fabric will stretch as you work making it a very comfortable dressing. It is made or many layers which offer maximum protection and the adhesive is strong and makes the bandage stay put for a long period of time. Bandages also come in a variety of kid friendly packaging which helps sooth the kids when they are in distress.